Synopsis of Macular Degeneration Macular degeneration is a condition which causes the weakening of the focal piece of the retina which is within dark layer of the eye that records the pictures that we regularly observe then sends the pictures to the optic nerve of the into the cerebrum which permits the mind to handle and figure out what sort of picture is being displayed. Macula is the part of the eye that is responsible for providing central focus into the eye and controls the ability of an individual to drive or be able to distinguish different types of colors and there are two types of macular degeneration that individuals suffer from which are the dry and wet macular degeneration. There also are various stages of macular degeneration which are divided into three which is early age-related macular degeneration where an individual may not suffer from vision loss, then there is the intermediate age-related macular degeneration where there may be some noticeable vision loss in an individual then there is the late age-related macular degeneration where there is a huge notice on the vision loss of an individual. There are several factors that often lead to macular degeneration such as aging this is because when an individual ages the macular tends to wear out and this in turn cause loss of vision, exposure to sunlight is also another risk factor that may lead to macular degeneration as too much exposer to the sunlight often teds to affect the macular of the eye, smoking, obesity and hypertension are also considered as some of the risk factors that cause Macular degeneration.
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There are several symptoms that are associated with macular degeneration and individuals should be able to look out for such symptoms such as visual distortions and this occurs when an individual sees straight lines as wavy lines, reduced central vision on both eyes, a need for more brighter light when one is reading and also a difficulty in adapting to low lights amongst other symptoms which individuals should be aware of and on the lookout to avoid macular degeneration.
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However there are different treatments that are available for macular degeneration such as laser treatment which is the administration of laser beams into the eye so that it can be able to rectify the condition, Visudyne drug treatment (Photodynamic Therapy or PDT) where the a patient is injected with visudyne on the arm and the drug travels through the blood vessels and into the eye, and also an implantable telescope which often magnifies the size of an image so that the individual can be able to see clearly.